Pharmacy Technician Job Outlook

What is a Pharmacy Technician?

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A pharmacy technician is an essential member of the healthcare team who works closely with pharmacists to ensure the safe and efficient delivery of medications to patients. They play a crucial role in the healthcare industry by assisting in various pharmacy-related tasks, such as dispensing medications, managing inventory, and providing exceptional customer service.


A pharmacy technician is a trained professional who works under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist. They are responsible for performing various tasks related to medication preparation, distribution, and management.

Pharmacy technicians can work in different settings, including retail pharmacies, hospitals, long-term care facilities, and mail-order pharmacies. Regardless of the setting, their main goal is to support pharmacists in delivering quality patient care.

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A pharmacy technician’s responsibilities may vary depending on the workplace and state regulations. However, some common duties include:

  • Assisting in Prescription Processing: Pharmacy technicians help process prescriptions by entering patient and medication information into the computer system accurately. They may also communicate with prescribers for clarification or refill authorization.
  • Preparing Medications: Pharmacy technicians are trained to measure, count, and package medications accurately. They may also compound medications by following specific instructions.
  • Managing Inventory: Maintaining an adequate supply of medications is crucial in any pharmacy setting. Pharmacy technicians play a vital role in inventory management, including ordering, receiving, and organizing medications.
  • Providing Customer Service: Pharmacy technicians often interact with patients, answering their questions, providing medication counseling, and ensuring excellent customer service.
  • Administrative Tasks: In addition to their direct patient care responsibilities, pharmacy technicians may also perform administrative tasks such as handling insurance claims, maintaining patient records, and managing billing processes.

It’s important to note that pharmacy technicians work under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist and must adhere to state regulations and ethical guidelines. They are not authorized to provide medical advice or counsel patients on complex medication issues.

If you’re interested in becoming a pharmacy technician, it’s essential to pursue appropriate education and training. Many vocational schools, community colleges, and online programs offer accredited pharmacy technician programs. Upon completion, aspiring pharmacy technicians may need to pass a certification exam to become nationally certified.

For more information about the pharmacy technician career, you can visit the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) website or explore resources provided by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).

Remember, a pharmacy technician’s role is crucial in ensuring patient safety and delivering quality healthcare services. By working closely with pharmacists and other healthcare professionals, they contribute significantly to the overall well-being of patients.

Educational Requirements for Pharmacy Technicians

Aspiring pharmacy technicians have two main options when it comes to meeting the educational requirements for this rewarding career. They can obtain certification through a recognized pharmacy technician program or pursue a degree program in pharmacy technology. Let’s take a closer look at each of these paths.


One common route to becoming a pharmacy technician is obtaining certification through an accredited program. These programs are typically offered by community colleges, vocational schools, and some online institutions. Certification programs provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills required to excel in the field.

During the certification process, students will learn about various aspects of pharmacy practice, including medication safety, pharmacy calculations, pharmaceutical terminology, and medication compounding. They will also gain hands-on experience through internships or externships in real-world pharmacy settings.

Once the program is completed, students are eligible to take the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam (PTCE) or the Exam for the Certification of Pharmacy Technicians (ExCPT). Passing either of these exams demonstrates the candidate’s proficiency and qualifies them for entry-level pharmacy technician positions.

Useful resource: If you are interested in pursuing certification, you can find a list of accredited pharmacy technician programs on the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) website.

Degree Programs

In addition to certification programs, some individuals choose to pursue an associate’s degree or a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy technology. These degree programs provide a more comprehensive education and typically include general education courses along with specialized pharmacy technician coursework.

Students enrolled in degree programs will study subjects such as pharmacology, pharmacy law and ethics, inventory management, and sterile compounding techniques. These programs also often include clinical rotations or internships, allowing students to gain practical experience in various pharmacy settings.

While a degree is not always required for entry-level positions, it can enhance job prospects and may lead to advanced opportunities in the field. Additionally, some states have specific educational requirements that mandate a degree for pharmacy technicians.

Useful resource: For those considering a degree program, you can explore accredited pharmacy technology programs on the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) website.


Whether you choose a certification program or a degree program, meeting the educational requirements for pharmacy technicians is essential to embark on a successful career in this field. Certification programs offer focused training and can lead to quicker entry into the workforce, while degree programs provide a more comprehensive education and potential advancement opportunities.

Remember to research and choose an accredited program that aligns with your goals and meets the requirements of your state. Pursuing education in pharmacy technology will equip you with the knowledge and skills needed to thrive in this vital healthcare profession.

III. Employment Outlook for Pharmacy Technicians

A. Job Growth

The job outlook for pharmacy technicians is promising, with a projected growth rate of 7 percent from 2019 to 2029, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). This growth rate is faster than the average for all occupations, which is attributed to several factors:

  • The aging population: As the baby boomer generation continues to age, there will be an increased demand for prescription medications, leading to a higher need for pharmacy technicians to assist pharmacists in dispensing and managing medications.
  • Advancements in pharmaceutical research: The development of new drugs and treatments requires more pharmacy technicians to support pharmacists in various settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and research laboratories.
  • Expanded healthcare coverage: With the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, more individuals have gained access to healthcare services, resulting in a greater demand for prescription medications and subsequently driving the need for pharmacy technicians.

Overall, the job growth prospects for pharmacy technicians are excellent, providing numerous opportunities for those seeking a career in this field.

B. Industry Trends

The pharmacy technician industry is continually evolving to meet the changing needs of the healthcare system. Some notable industry trends include:

  • Expanded roles and responsibilities: Pharmacy technicians are increasingly taking on additional responsibilities such as medication therapy management, immunization administration, and patient counseling. This trend allows technicians to contribute more directly to patient care and improve medication safety.
  • Integration of technology: The integration of technology has transformed many aspects of the pharmacy technician’s role. Automated dispensing systems and electronic health records have streamlined medication management processes, allowing technicians to focus more on patient care and medication safety.
  • Telepharmacy services: The rise of telepharmacy services has enabled pharmacy technicians to provide pharmaceutical care remotely. This trend allows technicians to reach underserved areas and improve access to medication expertise.

Keeping up with industry trends is crucial for pharmacy technicians to stay relevant and enhance their skills and knowledge in this rapidly evolving field.

C. Salary Range

The salary range for pharmacy technicians can vary depending on factors such as experience, education, location, and work setting. According to the BLS, the median annual wage for pharmacy technicians was $34,020 in May 2020. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $25,260, while the highest 10 percent earned more than $49,130.

It’s important to note that certain work settings, such as hospitals and federal government agencies, tend to offer higher salaries compared to retail pharmacies or outpatient care centers. Additionally, obtaining certification through organizations like the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) or the National Healthcareer Association (NHA) can potentially lead to higher earning potential.

For more information on pharmacy technician salaries and career advancement opportunities, you can refer to reputable sources such as:

By staying informed about salary trends and pursuing additional certifications, pharmacy technicians can enhance their earning potential and advance their careers in this rewarding field.

Professional Resources for Pharmacy Technicians

As a pharmacy technician, it is important to stay updated with the latest developments and advancements in the field. This can be achieved through various professional resources, such as professional organizations and associations, as well as continuing education and training opportunities. These resources not only provide valuable support but also help in enhancing your knowledge and skills as a pharmacy technician.

Professional Organizations & Associations

Joining professional organizations and associations specific to pharmacy technicians can offer numerous benefits. These groups provide a platform for networking, access to valuable resources, and opportunities for professional growth. Here are some notable organizations and associations that pharmacy technicians can consider:

1. Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB): The PTCB is a nationally recognized organization that offers certification programs for pharmacy technicians. Becoming certified through PTCB can improve your job prospects and demonstrate your commitment to maintaining high standards in the field.

2. National Healthcareer Association (NHA): NHA offers certification programs specifically designed for pharmacy technicians. Their certifications are widely recognized and can enhance your credibility as a pharmacy technician.

3. American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT): AAPT is an organization dedicated to promoting the role of pharmacy technicians in healthcare. They provide resources, educational materials, and networking opportunities for their members.

4. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP): ASHP is a professional association that represents pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and other healthcare professionals. They offer various resources, including continuing education programs, publications, and networking events.

Continuing Education & Training Opportunities

Continuing education and training are essential for pharmacy technicians to stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in pharmaceutical care. Here are some opportunities to consider:

1. Power-Pak C.E.: Power-Pak C.E. offers online continuing education programs for pharmacy technicians. These programs cover a wide range of topics, including medication safety, pharmacy law, and patient counseling.

2. PTCB Continuing Education: PTCB provides a list of approved continuing education courses that pharmacy technicians can take to meet their recertification requirements. These courses cover various aspects of pharmacy practice and can help enhance your knowledge and skills.

3. FreeCE: FreeCE offers a wide range of free and low-cost continuing education courses for pharmacy technicians. These courses are accredited and cover various therapeutic areas and pharmacy practice topics.

4. Pharmacy Technician’s Letter: Pharmacy Technician’s Letter is a subscription-based online resource that provides evidence-based recommendations, continuing education courses, and practical insights for pharmacy technicians.

Remember, continuing education not only helps you maintain your certification but also allows you to stay current with industry trends, expand your knowledge base, and provide better patient care.

In conclusion, professional resources for pharmacy technicians, such as joining professional organizations and associations, as well as pursuing continuing education and training opportunities, are crucial for professional growth and staying updated in this dynamic field. By actively engaging with these resources, pharmacy technicians can enhance their skills, expand their network, and contribute to improving patient care outcomes.